These seasonal herbs will help to normalize digestion

Эти сезонные травы помогут нормализировать пищеварение

Most of these plants have everyone in the kitchen.

Some of them have antispasmodic effect, relieves pain in the stomach and reduce flatulence. While others struggle with bacteria that cause indigestion, reports the with reference to

Here they are — the best plants that can be used to normalize digestion:


Family gentian (lat. Gentiána) includes over 400 species, all of which are commonly called gentian and they have a remarkably long history of use in medicine. Gentian took its name from the Illyrian king Gentius, who ruled in the Mediterranean region in 181 BC Russian name — gentian happened because of the very bitter taste of this plant. Modern gentian is native to Europe, Caucasus, Western Siberia, parts of Iran and in Tibet.

Gentian can help with digestion by increasing salivation and production of stomach acid and also by increasing blood flow in the stomach and intestines.

In one study, 4 different types of gentian greatly improved the process of digestion in rats. They increase the production of stomach acid and digestive enzyme pepsin. Gentian can also increase the amount of mucus that helps to prevent damage to the walls of the stomach and stomach acid. In rats with compromised bowel active compound gentian (gentiopicroside) restored normal digestion.

According to numerous animal studies, extracts of gentian root can protect against stomach ulcers and damage the stomach walls. Further, the bitters with gentian have antibacterial and antifungal activity.


Citrus is a genus of evergreen trees and shrubs, which include his group the lemons, limes, oranges, tangerines and other citrus fruits. All citrus fruits come from Southeast Asia, but only some of them have bitter tastes. The main bitter plant of this group is bitter orange (Citrus aurantium).

In rats with irritable bowel syndrome the use of bitter orange has reduced activity of diarrhea, reduced colon inflammation and production of inflammatory proteins (TNF-alpha, COX-2). Bioactive substance from the bitter orange essential oil (Β-myrcene) helped to reduce inflammation in the stomach and the development of ulcers in the intestine in rats.

Essential oil of bitter orange peel reduced the size of gastric ulcers and helped to grow new blood vessels to help the healing process in the experiments on rats. In another study with rats this essential oil protects the stomach wall from the effects of alcohol and the action of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) through the increase in the number of mucus on the stomach wall.

A flavonoid found in citrus (nobiletin), improved integrity of the barrier in the gut (decreased permeability) and showed anti-inflammatory effect in rats with inflamed colon. Such a property of this flavonoid can help people with impaired permeability of the intestinal wall (“leaky gut”). However, other flavonoids may actually degrade your ability to pass the liquid through the intestinal wall. Some of these flavonoids in bitter orange (hesperidin and neohesperidin), even worsened ulcers and gut permeability in rats.


Bitter dandelion (Taraxacum), is traditionally used all over the world — from Korea to Portugal and Bolivia. Surprisingly, this plant helps many people with indigestion.

Although clinical trials have not been conducted, but animal studies show the benefits of dandelion for the digestion. In pigs improved digestion and decreased the number of Escherichia coli. Rats dandelion helped faster to transfer food from the stomach into the intestine. Fish extracts of dandelion enhance gut immunity and antioxidant protection. The extracts also improved bowel function that may contribute to better absorption of nutrients from food.

Dandelion also has anti-inflammatory properties. In rats, this plant was improved in both the short and long term inflammation in the stomach (blocking the entrance of fat cells in the stomach and reducing the production of inflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha).

In experiments on mice and on cells extracts of dandelion prevents inflammation of the large intestine (reducing the production of COX-2, cytokines IL-1beta and TNF-alpha) stimulated the increased growth in 14 species of beneficial probiotic bacteria (bifidobacteria).

Burdock (burdock)

Burdock or burdock (Arctium lappa) is a bitter, anti-inflammatory and many a summer plant, which is often used in North American, Asian and European folk medicine.

Numerous animal studies have confirmed that a large burdock (burdock) and its active compounds may protect the stomach and intestines from the effects of corrosive substances and prevent the development of ulcers. One of its active compounds (arctigenin) reduced inflammation in the colon in rats. Fermented burdock increased the level of probiotic bacteria in the intestine in rats, in contrast to non-fermented burdock.

Inulin, extracted from burdock, promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria. Inulin significantly increases useful intestinal bacteria in mice and contributes to the effective work of the useful lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. In one study on mice burdock was also able to safely prevent body weight gain.


The artichoke is a perennial plant of the family Asteraceae. Is considered healthy food. Several clinical studies have shown that the extract of artichoke leaves is effective against disorders of the intestines.

In a clinical study involving 208 patients with irritable bowel syndrome extract from the leaves of artichoke reduced constipation and diarrhea by improving the overall quality of life. By the end of study 26% of participants no longer had symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.

In the survey of people with indigestion and irritable bowel syndrome for about 96% of them said that taking artichoke was also effective or even better than the previous treatment. Artichoke helped patients with irritable bowel syndrome by preventing muscle spasm and normalization of the intestinal microflora.

Cynarin — gidroksilaminov acid and biologically active chemical of artichoke, which increases the production of bile which helps in digestion and better assimilation of fat-soluble vitamins A and D.

Extracts of artichoke to prevent spasms of the intestine in experiments with Guinea pigs, which led to the relief of abdominal pain. In experiments on rats the extract from the leaves of the artichoke to prevent damage of alcohol stomach wall.


Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) is a gentle herb with great medical potential, for which it is prized throughout the world. In a clinical study with 65 women who underwent chemotherapy in the treatment of breast cancer, pills chamomile has reduced the frequency of nausea.

Today we need more clinical studies of chamomile in humans, but animal studies already show the benefits of chamomile for intestinal health. In the experiment with Guinea pigs receiving chamomile reduce muscle spasms of the small intestine. In experiments with rats Daisy protected from ulcers and oxidative stress in the intestine, and reduced the bouts of diarrhea. In the large intestine of rats chamomile extract reduced the level of inflammatory proteins (such as IL-6, NF-KB and TNF-alpha).

Milk Thistle

Milk Thistle ( and its main bioactive compound, silymarin) is best known as a remedy for supporting liver health and anti-inflammatory agent, but it also has a bitter taste, which can improve digestion. Silymarin (milk Thistle) has prevented the return of ulcerative colitis after treatment in a clinical study with 80 patients.

Multiple studies in rats show that milk Thistle protects the intestine from ulcers, and inflammation (this happens by reducing the number of neutrophils in the intestine and a decreased production of gastric acid). The plant can also improve the production of bile which helps with digestion of food the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins.

Golden seal (goldenseal)

Golden seal (goldenseal, hydrastis canadensis) — a native of North America, known as the plant that was traditionally used in the treatment of infections. Most of the modern research studies for berberine, bitter compounds detected in the roots of Goldenseal, has many medicinal properties.

Berberine from Goldenseal is a natural safe substance against diarrhoea. In a clinical study involving 196 patients with irritable bowel syndrome berberine significantly reduced the incidence of diarrhea and the severity of the pain in my stomach. In another clinical study with 165 people with berberine in 42% of cases within one day stopped the diarrhea resulting from E. coli infection.

In studies on humans and rats, berberine (Goldenseal) significantly accelerated the digestion, reducing the time required to move food through the small intestine. In experiments on rats, berberine reduced the intestinal inflammation by decreasing lipid peroxidation and reduced the level of NF-kB. In experiments with rats with diabetes, berberine (Goldenseal) helped restore the intestinal barrier and improved absorption of nutrients from food.

Berberine can also be useful for cleaning the body of toxins that reach the bloodstream in people with “leaky gut” (increased permeability through the intestinal barrier). In mice with high amounts of toxic lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in the intestine, obtaining a berberine helped to prevent the permeability of the intestinal wall. In experiments on cells of intestinal tissue, Goldenseal prevented a penetration of about 70% of all toxins produced by intestinal bacteria (Vibrio cholerae and E. coli ).

Studies in cells show that berberine (Goldenseal) can help to reduce inflammation from the growth of increased permeability of the intestinal barrier and to stop further development of this permeability.

Chinese Angelica

Chinese Angelica (Angelica sinensis) is a plant of the genus, which includes more than 60 different species of medicinal plants. Chinese Angelica is traditionally used to treat arthritis, indigestion , headaches, flu, infections and other diseases. Drug Dong Quai or “female ginseng” of traditional Chinese medicine is a bright representative of drugs having in its composition Chinese Angelica.

Injection Dong Quai (Angelica sinensis ) has helped to improve the course of ulcerative colitis in a study with 94 patients (there was a decrease in platelet activation). In experiments on rats bitters Dong Quai has significantly reduced the size of ulcers of the stomach and intestines and increased production of protective mucus. In another study, the extract of Chinese Angelica protected the rats from ulcer damage of the stomach.

The synergy of several bitter plants in one tincture

Often, bitters contain some plant extracts that have a synergistic effect. As you know, synergy — summarizing the effect of the interaction of two or more factors, characterized by the fact that their effect is significantly greater than the effect of each individual component in the form of their simple sum.

Iberogast is a German product (tincture), which contains 9 herbs: Angelica, chamomile, Candytuft, Melissa, peppermint, thyme, Thistle, celandine, and licorice. This mixture is used for the treatment of various disorders in the intestine, but stomach upset is one of the most important.

In a meta-analysis of 6 clinical studies, it was determined that Iberogast was effective in the improvement of the stomach. Iberogast is also significantly reduced irritable bowel syndrome and ease the pain in the abdomen in the clinical study with 208 patients.

Experiments with animals and on cells in test tubes have confirmed the effectiveness of Iberogast. This bitter tincture helps to reduce inflammation in rats with ulcerative colitis and GERD by increasing the production of mucus in the intestines. It also helped with constipation.

Tincture with Angelica Chinese

Known Xiaoyao pill, the drug of traditional Chinese medicine, contains Chinese Angelica (Dong Qquai) and other components. In a clinical study involving 180 women with disorders of the bowel (functional dyspepsia), Xiaoyao pill improved digestion by means of acceleration of movement of food in the small intestine. It also increased levels of hormones motilin and gastrin, which stimulate the production of digestive enzymes and stomach acid.

A mixture of Chinese Angelica, inulin, probiotics and other components were able to help 37 patients with irritable bowel syndrome. This reduced the abdominal pain, bloating, constipation and diarrhea.

A combination of Chinese Angelica, burdock, and sesame seeds eased the inflammation and healing of ulcers in clinical trial of 36 patients with bacterial infection of the stomach by Helicobacter pylori.

Infusions with chamomile

Tincture Gastritol consisting of chamomile, goose legs and licorice helps to improve the symptoms of nausea and vomiting in a study involving 149 people. In another clinical study with 79 children with diarrhea, chamomile, mixed with Apple pectin, completely stopped the diarrhea or reduce its duration after application for 3 days.

In a clinical study involving 96 patients, the combination of chamomile, myrrh and coffee charcoal (fiber in the processing of coffee) prevented the development of ulcerative colitis with the same efficacy as the standard drug treatment. This infusion was also effective in reducing diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, pain, gas formation in the study involving more than 1000 patients.

Liqueur with artichoke

Artichoke mixture with other plants (such as ginger, dandelion and turmeric) can act in synergy to help in the normalization of indigestion, according to multiple clinical trials.

One study investigated the effects of Prodigest, a combined Supplement, with ginger and artichoke, healthy people. Supplement Prodigest improved bowel function without side effects, helping to prevent nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and flatulence, which could occur due to slow digestion.

Tincture with dandelion

Cinarepa — herbal mixture with dandelion contributed to the decrease of disorders in gut function in a study of 311 people.

In another study with 24 patients bitters with dandelion, St. John’s wort, lemon balm and several other herbs reduce the abdominal pain 95% of people with inflammation of the large intestine after administration for 2 weeks.

Liqueur with bitter orange

Analysis of 22 clinical studies and nearly 2,000 patients showed that modified Chaihu shugan powder (traditional Chinese vegetable combination) containing bitter orange, can be safely used to improve the work of gastrointestinal tract.

Biologically active components in bitter tinctures

Gentian contains a class of bitter compounds called iridoids, one of which is called gentiopicroside. It helps to normalize the speed of movement of food through the intestines, and iridoids are essential to the production of stomach acid.

Burdock seeds and its leaves are composed of arctigenin, a compound with anti-inflammatory properties. The roots of burdock and artichoke is inulin, which promotes the growth of beneficial microflora.

Cynarin is an important substance found in artichoke that increases bile production, which helps complete digestion and better absorption of vitamins.

In the Daisy some flavonoids (apigenin, quercetin and patuletin) can reduce muscle spasms in the intestine. Aromatic compound chamazulene contained in chamomile has anti-inflammatory effect.

Goldenseal contain berberine, which has many beneficial properties for health and for the treatment of many inflammatory diseases.

How do I make my own bitters.

If you have time, you can make bitters on their own. You will need bitter herbs (such as artichoke leaf, burdock root, Angelica root, dandelion root, etc.), alcohol (not less than 60 degrees), storage jars, a strainer, a cutting Board and a knife.


Cut the plants into small pieces and place them in a jar. Note: if you have several plants, you can either mix them all together in one Bank, or save them in separate jars and mix later. The lack of mixing early in the process is that different plants can be dissolved in alcohol at different speeds.

Add alcohol and make sure that the plants are fully submerged in water. Close the jars and store them in a cool, dark place.

Every day, shake each jar for about 10 seconds.

In view of the fact that the speed of infusion is different depending on the plants, this may lead to lengthening the time of the preparation of the tincture from one day to several weeks. You can test the readiness of potions, taking a few drops or smelling. Once the liquid reaches the tart smell or become bitter enough, your tincture is ready.

After your bitter tincture is ready, filter the mixture (cheesecloth works well). From now on you can combine different tinctures, mixing them together, add a few drops in food, tea, other beverages, or use them at their discretion. ready infusion can be stored and be good for about a year.

Dosage receiving bitters

For dandelion leaves British herbal Pharmacopoeia recommends 3-5 grams twice a day or 5-10 ml of tincture of the leaves 2 times a day.

Recommended doses of other drugs dandelion for adults:

Dried root: 2-8 grams of infuse in the drink
Leaf extract: 4-8 ml of extract, equal volume of alcohol 1: 1 (25%)
Root tincture: 5-10 ml of tincture 1:5 in 45 ° alcohol
In one clinical study of the reception on the day of the 1st gram chamomile extract (one tablet of 500 mg 2 times a day) was effective for reducing the incidence of nausea.

The dose of berberine is typically within 0.5 — 1.5 grams per day in various clinical studies. One study used a dose of 20 mg of berberine per kilogram of body.

Clinical trials with bitter orange used doses in the range of 900 — 975 mg bitters.

The doctors called the first symptoms of appendicitis

To reduce inflammation in osteoarthritis one clinical study used 2 grams of burdock root in 150 ml boiled water for tea to be taken 3 times a day. Daily intake of 320 or 640 mg extract of artichoke leaf reduced to a small dyspepsia. When ulcerative colitis patients were treated with one tablet (140 mg) silymarin (milk Thistle) once a day for 6 months.

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