The eruption of an underwater volcano near the Kingdom of Tonga in the South Pacific was hundreds of times more powerful than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. The shock waves from the eruption circled the planet twice. This was stated by NASA specialists, overeating CNN.
Goddard Space Flight Center Chief Scientist Jim Garvin said that the eruption of the Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Haapai volcano on January 15 released “hundreds of times more energy than than the Hiroshima nuclear explosion.”
“This is a preliminary estimate, but we think the amount of energy released by the eruption was equivalent to somewhere between 4 and 18 megatons of TNT,” Garvin said .
For comparison, scientists estimate that the eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980 released 24 megatons of energy, and Krakatoa, one of the largest volcanic events in history, released 200 megatons in 1883.
As a result of an eruption near Tonga, volcanic ash rose into the atmosphere to a height of 40 kilometers and caused tsunami waves up to 15 meters high, which hit parts of the archipelago, including the main island of the Pacific state.
according to the premier Acting Minister of the Kingdom of Tonga, the volcanic cloud has spread to all of the country's approximately 170 islands, affecting the entire population of more than 100,000 people. Peru. As a result, an oil spill occurred in the country.