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The Taub Center report, released towards the end of the year, examines the state of the country in terms of health, education, welfare, labor market, economy and demographics.
In 2022, the pace population growth increased to about 2.1%. As a result, Israel's population is expected to reach 9.65 million by the end of the year, compared to 9.45 million at the beginning of the year.
In 2021, the total fertility rate in Israel increased by 0.1 children and reached 3 children per woman. This increase was mainly due to a 0.13 increase among Jewish women. Among Muslim women who are Israeli citizens, the total fertility rate increased by only 0.02 children.
The number of single men and women in Israel is on the rise. Among Jewish women, the percentage of women who are expected to marry at least once by age 55 has dropped sharply – from over 80% in 2012-2014 to 70% in 2019.
Among Muslim and Druze women, this figure has dropped to 75%. The overall marriage rate for Jewish, Christian and Druze men fell below 70% between 2015 and 2019.
Much of this decline is due to an increase in the number of single men and women who live in unmarried cohabitation. Their share of all marriages in Israel is about 5% and yet much lower than in other countries – 12% in the US, 13% in Germany, 24% in Denmark and 27% in Norway.
The average salary of married men is about 30% more than single men, and 20% more for married women than for unmarried women. Independent workers earn much more per hour than hired workers.
The statistics about the upper income level are interesting. The top decile of workers in the Israeli labor market includes male and female workers whose monthly wages were over NIS 20,380 in 2017 and over NIS 21,430 in 2018. The proportion of women in the top decile is only 27%.
Non-Jews make up 6% of the highest salaries.
About 74% of workers in the top decile studied at the university: 34% – have a master's degree and 7% – PhD.
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