Scientists believe that this discovery — the key to harmony, health and longevity
Scientists from the University of Geneva presented the results of his research showing that low calorie diet causes specific changes in the composition of the intestinal microbiome that contribute to better health and getting rid of excess weight and prolong life.
These processes involve reactions of the immune system changes the microflora, reported in the journal Cell Metabolism.
Positive effect of low-calorie food on human health science has made in the past. In the new study, the researchers aimed to understand what caused it.
Their experiments with mice showed that for the month low-calorie food increases the amount of beige fat (type of fat tissue that is similar to brown fat), the burning of which in the production of energy leads to weight loss. It turned out that on the background of a low-calorie diet faster decrease of the blood sugar level, improves liver function, and improves the body’s response to insulin.
After analyzing the composition of the intestinal microflora of hungry mice, the researchers found: in the body of these animals lived bacteria that have contributed to the decrease in the content of toxic molecules of lipopolysaccharides. According to experts, lipopolysaccharide provoke the immune system specific response and abnormally active, leading to metabolic disorders and related diseases and weight gain. Their low content protects against such processes, bringing and prolonging life.
Previous experiments on mice have shown that reducing caloric intake by 40% did animals more healthy and slim and also extended life.