Scientists have discovered a new seasonal disease that affects people in autumn and winter
Scientists have discovered a new form of seasonal depression that affects more and more people. Of depression called “Seasonal affective disorder” (sad) affects from 1 to 10 percent of the population.
Causes of ATS is still unknown, but scientists believe that the lack of daylight in autumn and winter interrupts the circadian rhythms of some people, cause depression.
“People tend to experience symptoms in autumn and winter. Sometimes they are observed in the spring,” says Dr. Victor Fornari, Director of child and adolescent psychiatry at the Zucker hillside hospital.
“The symptoms of SAR are the same as those that accompany depression. Irritability, lack of interest in Hobbies, difficulty with attention — all symptoms of SAR,” said Fornari.
Although some forms of depression lead to weight loss, those who suffer ATS often have increased appetite and weight gain. The disorder also is marked daytime sleepiness and lack of energy.
“If you feel depressed for several days, and you can’t do anything about it, then have to go to the doctor. Especially it is necessary to do it, if disturbed sleep, or thoughts about suicide,” said Katherine Rochlin, Professor of psychology at the University of Pittsburgh.
Doctors diagnose SAR based on the symptoms. Usually tests need only to rule out other causes of depressive symptoms. Sometimes for severe ATS psychological assessment.
The disorder is considered a subtype of depression or bipolar disorder and can be difficult to distinguish from other psychological problems.
People typically experienced depression and other symptoms for at least two consecutive years during the same season each year. Periods of depression followed by periods without depression, and there are no other explanations for changes of mood or behavior.
A rare form of the SAR affects people in the summer months. According to the Mayo clinic, a summer form of affective disorder is the most.
Many of the ATS are coming to “therapy” with a light box, usually 30 minutes in the morning. Specialized fluorescent lamp simulates daylight.
Doctors can prescribe antidepressants for people suffering from SAR. It may take several weeks before the patient will see the result of the drugs.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can also help people manage depressive disorder symptoms.
Doctors recommend getting as much natural daylight to arrange a walk. Education and stay connected with your family and friends can also relieve the symptoms of SAR. Some watches improved after try yoga, meditation.
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