Results of the year: the most important events in the world of technology

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 Results of the year: the most important events in the world of technology

Launch of the James Webb Telescope

Although the James Webb Telescope was launched on December 25, 2021, it arrived at its permanent location in January. The first shots were received even later.

A NASA project that cost nearly $10 billion. The telescope is the largest, most expensive and sensitive optical and infrared space telescope in history. The device was able to see the oldest and most distant stars and galaxies, take photos of the planets of the solar system, showed nebulae and much more.

Companies and brands supported Ukraine

With the start of the Russian invasion, many tech companies announced they were pulling out of the occupier market. The Russians were left without technologies from Apple, Sony, AMD, Boeing, Cisco, Ericsson and dozens of others. Some services have also gone, including Spotify and Netflix.

At the same time, new brands have begun to enter Ukraine. PayPal and Starlink made money here.

Elon Musk bought Twitter

Literally from the first hours of his leadership of the platform, Musk began to make changes. He fired thousands of workers, and imposed “hardcore” work on those who remained. overtime work. Sleeping places were organized in the company's office so that people could stay overnight at the workplace. In addition, the new chapter actively changes the content moderation policy, plans new features and removes some old ones.

However, due to Musk's conflicting statements regarding “freedom of speech” as well as unblocking pages that previously violated the rules, advertisers have suspended their campaigns for fear of increased discrimination, racism and more. This resulted in significant monetary losses.

Fusion energy

2022 was a year of breakthroughs in the research of thermonuclear energy, which could potentially become an ecological and inexhaustible source of energy for all mankind.

An important discovery was made by Swiss researchers . They found that scientists had previously misunderstood the physics of fusion plasma. The discovery will eventually make it possible to obtain more energy from thermonuclear reactors, and the installations themselves will become easier to manage.

Australian startup HB11 has successfully tested an alternative approach to the synthesis of – instead of temperatures of a million degrees, laser pulses are used to start the reaction. The team was successful and announced the achievement of thermonuclear fusion.

However, the most important news came in December. For the first time, American scientists managed to generate 50 percent more energy than was spent on feeding the experiment and starting the reaction. Now the challenge for scientists is to scale up the process and improve it.

DART crashed into an asteroid

This fall also saw an event that could potentially save humanity from falling asteroid. NASA's DART lander successfully crashed into the asteroid Dimorphos. This project – an attempt to test whether humanity can change the trajectory of an asteroid right in space. This is the world's first “planetary defense test mission” and it was considered extremely successful.

Mass layoffs in the IT sector

IT companies found themselves in difficult conditions. Now they are forced to lay off tens of thousands of workers because of the losses they are suffering from the economic downturn. In November alone, the number of people laid off by corporations amounted to 45 thousand.

Humanity returns to the moon

On November 16, the Artemis-1 mission was launched, which marks the beginning of the return humanity to the moon. As part of the mission, a Space Launch Systems rocket was launched, which delivered the Orion spacecraft into space.

Orion headed for the moon, flew around it and sent a large number of photos and videos. The mission was a success, returning to Earth on December 11.

NASA is now forming plans for Artemis-2, which is to launch astronauts on a 10-day mission around the moon in 2024. The next Artemis-3 flight after that will land astronauts at the south pole of the moon in 2025 or 2026.

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