NASA Webb Takes a New Star Portrait of the Pillars of Creation

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 NASA Webb made a new stellar portrait of the pillars of creation

The Pillars of Creation are captured in a kaleidoscope of colors in the near-infrared light of NASA's James Webb Space Telescope. The pillars look like arches and spiers rising above the desert landscape, but filled with translucent gas and dust and constantly changing. the region where young stars form.

NASA's James Webb Space Telescope captures a lush, highly detailed landscape — the legendary Pillars of Creation — where new stars form in dense clouds of gas and dust. The 3D pillars look like majestic rock formations, but are much more permeable. These pillars are composed of cold interstellar gas and dust that at times appear translucent in near-infrared light.

Webb's new look at the Pillars of Creation, which first became famous when they were imaged by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope in 1995, will help researchers update their star formation models by determining a much more accurate number of newly formed stars, as well as the amount of gas and dust in this sector of the universe. in time, they will begin to better understand how stars form and burst out of these dusty clouds over millions of years.

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope glorified the “Pillars of Creation” first imaged in 1995, but recaptured the scene in 2014 to show a clearer, wider visible light image. A new near-infrared view from NASA's James Webb Space Telescope helps us see through the dust in this area Starburst. The thick, dusty brown pillars are no longer as opaque, and there are many more red stars still forming in the field of view.

Overshadowed in this image by the Webb Near Infrared Camera (NIRCam) are newly formed stars. These are bright red orbs that usually have diffraction spikes and lie outside one of the dust columns. When knots of sufficient mass form inside the columns of gas and dust , they begin to collapse under their own gravity, slowly heat up and eventually form new stars.

What about lava-like wavy lines around the edges of some pillars? These are the ejecta of stars that are still forming from gas and dust. Young stars periodically emit supersonic jets that collide with clouds of matter like these thick pillars. Sometimes this also results in the formation of wave-like patterns, as a boat does when it moves through the water. The crimson glow comes from energetic hydrogen molecules formed as a result of jets and impacts. This can be seen from the second and third pillars from above — The NIRCam image is practically pulsing with their activity. These young stars are estimated to be only a few hundred thousand years old.

Although it may seem that the near-infrared light allowed Webb to “penetrate” clouds to show the vast cosmic distances behind the pillars, there are no galaxies in this image. Instead, a mixture of translucent gas and dust, known as the interstellar medium, in the densest part of the disk of our Milky Way galaxy, blocks our view of the deeper universe.

This heavily cropped image takes place in the vast Eagle Nebula, 6500 light-years away.

The James Webb Space Telescope — the world's first space research observatory.Webb will unravel the mysteries of our solar system, peer beyond distant worlds around other stars, and explore the mysterious structures and origins of our universe and our place in it.Webb — is an international program led by NASA in conjunction with its partners, ESA (European Space Agency) and CSA (Canadian Space Agency).

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