Dirty air is poisoning people worldwide. But few people wondered how many years of life it takes each of us
Institute of energy policy research of the private University of Chicago estimate how air pollution affects life expectancy in different countries. On the University website posted a report and interactive map.
Air pollution with particulate matter, caused by the use of fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, coal, etc.), reduced the life expectancy of the population of the planet by an average of 1.8 years. But some countries and regions suffered more than others.
4.4 years longer could live of the population of Nepal at 4.3 years — India, 4.2 — Bangladesh. For comparison, the average for China is 2.9 years for Russia — 0.5 years for the United States — 0.1.
At the same time in the Northern parts of India people lose in a lifetime is particularly strong (in Uttar Pradesh- 8.6 years, in the state of Haryana — 7.5 years). In China particularly strong effect of pollution on life expectancy on the East coast. So, residents of Beijing because of the pollution lose about 5.7 years.
The historic decision on the Kuril Islands: it became known the future of the Islands
In the world
In Ukraine most contaminated areas are located close to major cities, as well as in Lviv region and Transcarpathia. For example, the people of Kiev due to air pollution lose about a year of life, follows from the data scientists.
According to scientists, the air pollution associated with the use of fuel is the greatest threat to human health. Its impact on people’s health more than other factors, say the authors of the investigation: for example, Smoking reduces the average life expectancy of only 1.6 years, alcohol and drugs for 11 months, HIV for four months, and acts of terrorism and armed conflict for 22 days.
Scientists have extrapolated from data from satellites. They broke the world into plots of 10 sq. km. Data on the concentration of dust or other substances that could be in the air by natural causes, are not considered — we considered only the particles which appear in air emissions.
Data on population, the researchers took from the database LandScan Global Population in 2015. In determining the allowable concentrations of particulate matter, they are repelled from certain who of valid values is 10 micrograms per cubic meter
Recall that there is nothing to breathe: how to protect yourself while ecology did not become a health problem
As reported Politeka, poisoning the lives of millions: who sounded the alarm over global threats
Also Politeka wrote, air pollution causes serious changes in the heart