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Declaration "On State Independence of the Republic of Kalmykia" adopted the Congress of the Oirat-Kalmyk people. The national activists who drafted the document consider the independence of Kalmykia a prerequisite for preserving the language and culture of the people.
Among the authors and signatories — ex-director of the Center for the Development of the Kalmyk Language Arslang Sandzhiev, ethno-linguistic and political activists Albert Sharapov, Erenzen Dolyaev, Vladimir Dovdanov, leader of the regional branch of the Yabloko party; Batyr Boromangnaev and others.
The text of the document refers to the declaration adopted by the Supreme Council of the Kalmyk ASSR in 1990, when people's deputies proclaimed the sovereignty of a democratic and legal Kalmyk state, based on the right of peoples to self-determination.
According to the authors of the new declaration, the principles laid down by the declaration during the collapse of the USSR were not implemented due to the actions of the first president of the republic, Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, and pressure from the Kremlin, which intensified especially with the beginning of Putin's rule.
The declaration of the Congress lists the main claims against the current regime of the Russian Federation, which prompted the authors of the document to proclaim the beginning of the struggle for independence, including — “insane centralization and militarization of the country”, “the Kremlin's total attack on the cultures and languages of the non-Russian peoples conquered by Russia”, “commission of international crimes” and a few more points referring to the authoritarian and imperialist nature of Russian politics.
The authors of the declaration separately note the disregard for the rights of repressed citizens — victims of the deportation of Kalmyks and the problem of “illegally seized lands” — territorial disputes that arose between the Astrakhan region and Kalmykia as a result of the abolition of the latter by Stalin's decree of 1943. Before that, one of the members of the Congress, Dolyaev, even argued that the entire territory of the Astrakhan region should become part of independent Kalmykia as a historical area of Kalmyk settlement.
Disagreeing with the policy pursued by the Kremlin, the Congress of the Oirat-Kalmyk people stated that it is necessary to completely liberate the Oirat-Kalmyk people from colonial dependence on Russia and announced that he would seek the withdrawal of the Republic of Kalmykia from the Russian Federation, as well as the proclamation and creation of a sovereign independent state.
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