The researchers collected samples of hydrothermal basin at a depth of 125 meters.
An international group of scientists announced the discovery of microorganisms in one of the most dangerous regions of the planet – geothermal area of Dallol in Ethiopia. As reported by the online edition of the Chronicle.info with reference to zn.ua the researchers sought to see whether living beings to adapt to the inhospitable conditions of the red planet.
In the study, researchers collected samples from a geothermal pool in Danakils basin — desert region to a depth of 125 metres, which is considered one of the hottest places on the planet — and analyzed them for signs of life. It is noted that in the past, the site of the basin was the sea, but the divergence of two tectonic plates contorted bark and turned the seabed into the salt plain.
Tectonic activity has also led to the piling up of volcanoes, mineral deposits and sources. This environment is formed only the beginning of the last century, scientists believed that local conditions are not well suited to sustain life.
At the bottom of the North sea have found evidence of possible settlements of hunters-gatherers
Studying samples liquid and granulated salt crystals, the scientists stumbled upon the indigenous inhabitants of these lands. They were salt-tolerant microbes the size of the nanoparticles belonging to the domain archaea (lat. Nanohaloarchaea). Their dimensions range from 50 to 500 nanometers, which is very close to the extremely small size, which in principle can reach the organisms.