How can I get Israeli citizenship?

 How can I get Israeli citizenship?

ATTORNEY MATAN HODOROV, Master of the Hebrew University, specializes, among other things, in obtaining civil status, on issues of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, family law and surrogate motherhood

1. Obtaining citizenship in accordance with the law of return. According to the law of return, every Jew has the right to come to the State of Israel and become its citizen, except in cases where he may be dangerous to society or damage the national security of Israel.

2. Obtaining citizenship by birthright. A person born in Israel, if one of his parents is an Israeli citizen, is entitled to Israeli citizenship by “right of blood”, jus sanguinis. Based on the same principle, if one of the parents is a citizen of the State of Israel, then a person not born in Israel acquires citizenship

3. Obtaining citizenship after passing giyur (transition to Judaism). An adult who is not a Jew or an Israeli citizen but who wishes to acquire Israeli citizenship may become a citizen by applying to the Minister of the Interior. Citizenship is subject to certain criteria.

4. Honorary citizenship. Persons who do not fall under paragraphs 1-3, but the state is interested in their well-being, for example, the Righteous Among the Nations, prominent athletes, public figures, scientists, etc., can acquire Israeli citizenship by decision of the Minister of the Interior.

5. Obtaining citizenship by marriage. A person who is not subject to the law of return but who is married to an Israeli citizen can obtain citizenship after going through a legal process that takes about 5 years. To do this, you must submit an application for citizenship to the department of the Ministry of the Interior at the place of residence. After submitting the documents, the non-citizen will receive a 1-bet visa, which will allow him to stay and work in Israel, while not giving the right to assistance from the National Insurance Institute (Bituah Leumi) and to state health insurance. Subsequently, after an examination of the sincerity of intentions and the existence of family relations with an Israeli citizen, a non-citizen receives the status of a temporary resident (visa 5-alef), which gives the right to assistance from the National Insurance Institute – unemployment benefits, social benefits, disability pension, as well as entitlement to public health insurance. Such a visa is granted for a year, and after 4 years of extension, the Ministry of the Interior considers a request for citizenship. Minor children of a non-citizen are also included in the application for citizenship, while their common children with an Israeli citizen receive Israeli citizenship automatically.

6. Obtaining citizenship by right of cohabitation. A person who is not entitled to citizenship under the law of return and who is in a civil (unregistered) marriage to an Israeli citizen can acquire citizenship after a legal procedure that takes about 7 years. To do this, you must submit an application for citizenship to the department of the Ministry of the Interior at the place of residence. After submitting documents and conducting an examination of the sincerity of the person's intentions and the existence of family relations with an Israeli citizen, the non-citizen will receive a 1-bet visa, which will allow him to stay and work in Israel, while not giving the right to assistance from the National Insurance Institute (Bituah Leumi) and entitlement to public health insurance. Such a visa is granted for a year, and after 3 years of extension, the Ministry of the Interior considers a request for citizenship. Subsequently, after an examination of the sincerity of intentions and the existence of family relations with an Israeli citizen, a non-citizen receives the status of a temporary resident (5-alef), which gives the right to assistance from the National Insurance Institute – unemployment benefits, social benefits, disability pension, as well as the right for government health insurance. Such a visa is extended for a year, and after 4 years of extension, the Ministry of the Interior considers a request for citizenship. Minor children of a non-citizen are not included in the application for citizenship.

7. Obtaining the status of an elderly parent. A person not eligible for citizenship under the Law of Return who is a single (divorced/widowed/single) parent of an Israeli citizen and who has no other children or spouse in Israel, aged 62 for women and 64 for men, can obtain a residence permit in the State of Israel. To do this, you must submit an application for granting the status of an elderly parent to the department of the Ministry of the Interior in the place of residence. After reviewing the documents and conducting an examination on the existence of parental relations with an Israeli citizen, the elderly parent will receive the following status:

● A woman aged 62-65 and a man aged 64-67will receive a 2-Bet visa, which gives the right to stay in the territory of the State of Israel, while it does not give him/her the right to work in Israel and does not entitle him/her to the assistance of the National Insurance Institute (Bituah Leumi) and the right to state health insurance. Such a visa can be extended for a maximum period of up to 27 months. At the end of the maximum visa period, if the woman is under 65 years old and the man is 67 years old, then he/she will be given a 1-Bet visa for a maximum period of up to 9 months, granting the right to work in Israel and not giving the right to assistance from the Institute of National

● A woman aged 65-70 and a man aged 67-70will receive a 1-bet visa, which entitles you to work in Israel, but does not entitle you to assistance from the National Insurance Institute (Bituah Leumi) and the right to state health insurance. Such a visa can be extended for a maximum period of up to two years.

● A woman and a man aged 70 or over will receive a 1-bet visa, which entitles you to work in Israel, but does not entitle you to assistance from the National Insurance Institute (Bituah Leumi) and the right to state health insurance. Such a visa is issued for up to one year.

A person whose 1-bet visa has expired receives temporary resident status (5-alef), which makes him/her eligible for assistance from the National Insurance Institute – unemployment benefit, old-age benefit, social benefits, disability pension, and also the right to public health insurance. This visa is extended to two years, after which the person obtains Israeli citizenship.

8. Parent of an Israel Defense Forces (IDF) soldier. A person ineligible for citizenship under the Law of Return who is the parent of an Israeli citizen serving in the Israel Defense Forces, IDF, if the citizen has been mobilized for service for more than 18 months and has already served 12 months, or has served 18 months and was demobilized before graduation period of service, is entitled to a residence permit in the State of Israel. To do this, the parent of an IDF soldier must submit an application for a residence permit to the department of the Ministry of the Interior at the place of residence. After submitting the documents, the non-citizen will receive a 2-bet visa, which gives the right to stay in the territory of the State of Israel, but does not grant him/her the right to work in Israel and does not entitle him/her to the assistance of the National Insurance Institute (Bituach Leumi) and the right for government health insurance. After reviewing the documents and conducting an examination of the existence of a parental relationship with an Israeli citizen serving in the IDF, the soldier's parent receives the status of a temporary resident of 5-alef with the right to assistance from the National Insurance Institute, such as unemployment benefits, old age benefits, social benefits, pension disability, as well as the right to public health insurance. This visa is extended for up to 4 years, after which the person obtains Israeli citizenship.

9. Granting citizenship for humanitarian reasons. Citizenship can also be granted if a candidate does not meet any of the criteria set out above by the Ministry of the Interior, in which case citizenship is granted for humanitarian reasons, such as the chronically ill or in other special cases. To do this, you must submit an application for citizenship to the department of the Ministry of the Interior at the place of residence. If it is decided to transfer the case to the interdepartmental commission dealing with relevant cases, then the non-citizen receives a visa upon the decision of the latter.

This article is for informational purposes and cannot be considered as official advice from a lawyer.

We recommend that you contact the law office of Matan Khodorov for advice on your questions.

03-5750504

www.hodorov-law.co. il

Our office address: Ramat Gan, Jabotinsky, 7. Migdal Moshe Aviv, floor 41

You can also meet with lawyer Khodorov in Jerusalem, Haifa , Ashdod and Beersheba by appointment.

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