Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder in which women have elevated levels of male sex hormones in the blood.
It is a mistake to believe that such dysfunction are hereditary or spontaneous phenomena. Genetic predisposition to this disease may be considered rather a contributing factor, but more pronounced preconditions are considered stressful situations, or triggers that affect the functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary system, adrenal glands or the ovaries.
It is worth remembering that this paired organ performs two important functions – the generative and the endocrine. The first is expressed in ensuring the ability of a woman to conceive is through the formation and timely conclusion of the egg, the second in the synthesis of estrogen and progesterone, which help to prepare the inner cavity of the uterus (endometrial layer) to its dip and strengthening.
Among the main causes of this disease are:
- a violation of the processes of synthesis of follicle stimulating and luteinizing hormones;
- enhanced secretion of testosterone;
- resistance to insulin and increase the level of blood sugar.
PCOS affects about 20% of women aged 18-44 years. The syndrome is dangerous because it can cause diabetes, heart problems, high blood pressure and even some types of cancer. An impressive list of symptoms to diagnose the disease at an early enough stage that has a beneficial effect on further duration and effectiveness of treatment. What you need to pay attention?
1. The complexity of the conception
Excessive production of androgens, which are subsequently transformirovalsya in estrogen contributes to an increase in maturing follicles. Ovulation in the majority of cases does not occur at all due to the fact that not achieved the necessary balance of hormones due to imbalance.
2. Irregular cycle
In PCOS, menstruation is absent altogether, or is irregular. However, in some women it is, on the contrary, long and profuse and accompanied by severe pain. This difference in the course of menstruation complicates the diagnosis.
Spontaneous abortions in early pregnancy can also be a symptom of polycystic disease, in which there is displacement of the period of ovulation, poor quality oocytes and its ability to implant into the uterine endometrium.
4. The increase in body size
In the formation and growth of multiple cysts in the ovaries vary considerably in size. This process is hard to feel and correctly interpret the feelings, but regular visits to the doctor will allow time to locate the problem. It is worth remembering that not all PCOS is accompanied by the formation of tumors, but to monitor the status of this important pair of on need.
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If a woman is in principle not suffer an increased hairiness and began to notice that the vegetation appears in large numbers on the face, back, fingers and feet, it can be one of the symptoms of PKD. It should be noted that hirsutism is also evidence of dysfunction in the adrenal glands, that is, in any case, it cannot be ignored, even if it is not directly related to PCOS.
6. Chronic pelvic pain
One of the most obvious, but quite rare paravina this disease is a constant aching pain in the lower abdomen.
7. Acne, oily skin, dandruff
Acne is an external skin manifestations of the disease. It is expressed by inflammation of the sebaceous glands or hair follicles. This process is caused by obstruction of their excretory ducts and permanent irritation. In this case, it is important that the increase in male sex hormones helps to change the structure of skin pores and leads to the formation of the inflammatory focus in the hair follicle. The same applies to dandruff.
8. Weight gain
PCOS contributes to the development of resistance of body cells to insulin, which explains the increase in the concentration of glucose in the blood. As a result, the risk of diabetes type 2 increases dramatically as the predisposition to obesity, and it concerns mainly the upper part of the body.
The prevalence of depression in women with PCOS is 28-64%, which is significantly higher than in the General population (7.1 to 8%). Anxiety in these patients detect with a frequency of 34-57% (population of 18%).
You must remember that not all symptoms are always manifested. The clinical picture may also vary in different age groups, because you cannot rely on the experience of friends. Many people mistakenly believe that setting such a diagnosis puts an end to their quest to become mothers, but it is not. With competent management of the manifestations can significantly ease the condition and not less effectively engage in family planning.
The list of procedures includes compulsory physical examination, ultrasound examination, blood sampling for analysis and the formation of the complete clinical picture. Treatment is aimed at eliminating the root cause of the disease and all its manifestations. If a woman is planning soon to become a mother, as a rule, it consists in suppression of the production of male hormones by taking combined contraceptives containing synthetic versions of estrogen and progesterone. If pregnancy wish or desirable for various reasons, the doctor decides on artificial stimulation of ovulation. Usually in the medical program include drugs for the prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2, as well as synthetic antiandrogen.
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1. Consult a gynecologist and endocrinologist
Upon the slightest suspicion of polycystic ovaries should immediately contact to a gynecologist and endocrinologist. These experts will jointly develop a program to eliminate the causes of disease, and along with the syndrome will disappear and all of his symptoms.
2. Power adjustment
Maintain a balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products. Discard food that increases blood sugar levels. Restrict your consumption of dairy products as they contribute to the synthesis of testosterone.
3. Supplementation of magnesium
The content of magnesium in the body in diabetic patients is usually low, and once proven link between insulin and PCOS, the intake of this trace element is very important.
The best workout if you have PCOS, is an intense exercise, sweat should act on the body in the first few minutes. Ideal duration of training is between 15-30 minutes. Your goal is to increase endurance, build muscle, reduce weight and improve metabolism. As a starting point, talk with a trainer or your doctor and discuss what kinds of loads are right for you.
5. Consultation of the beautician
Unwanted body hair, oily skin, dandruff – all of this adds confidence, but rather depressing. Consult your cosmetologist on the subject of how you can improve your appearance, as dissatisfaction can cause anxiety, anxiety and stress.
6. Address to the psychotherapist
Bad mood and stress can only aggravate the condition in PCOS. If you don’t feel well, you have no strength and desire to do daily activities, do not hesitate to ask for help.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a serious disease that requires constant monitoring, but in most cases, susceptible women lead a very normal lifestyle. The main thing – not to engage in self-diagnosis and treatment, how to identify the problem and develop a program for its elimination can only be experienced doctors.