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Scholar Noam Sontag of the Taub Center for Social Policy Research in Jerusalem recently studied the impact of the postpartum period on both the future of children and the careers of their parents, especially mothers. The study found that the socioeconomic status of mothers is a major factor in determining how quickly they return to work after giving birth.
The study found, as expected, that maternal employment rates after childbirth decline markedly in all population groups due to maternity leave, but groups differ in the rate at which mothers return to employment. A positive correlation has been found between educational attainment and postpartum employment rates, especially among Arab mothers. Academically educated mothers tend to return to work after giving birth faster than less educated mothers. In addition, the higher a woman's salary before childbirth, the better her chances of continuing to work after childbirth.
Educated women in high-paying positions find it easier to return to work after childbirth because they can afford childcare services. As for the employment of fathers, it turned out that childbearing does not have a significant impact on their work either in the Jewish or in the Arab sector.
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