Research has allowed scientists to uncover some secrets of the past
2018 has been rich in scientific discoveries. Archaeologists have not conceded to his colleagues and has made many valuable discoveries during expeditions. American journal of Archaeology presented a ranking of the most important finds.
Russian researchers have discovered the oldest remains of the plague. They conducted excavations on the site of an ancient burial in the Samara region. Members of the expedition stumbled upon the world’s oldest bacteria of bubonic plague, whose age has about 3800 years. According to scientists, the deadliest epidemics in that day could greatly change human populations of the Old world.
Norwegian researchers have found the first world with a hashtag. It is preserved in a limestone cave Blombos on the South coast of South Africa. So called the most ancient in the world picture the age of 73 thousands of years, preserved on a small piece of stone. The picture red ochre resembles the symbol resembles the symbol “#”. According to scientists, the fragment length of less than 5 cm and a width of slightly more than a centimeter was part of a large and complex work of a prehistoric artist.
Another sensational artifact was found by archaeologists from Sweden. They found a spare human arm, the likes of which science does not yet know. Bronze brush in the bracelet of gold foil, probably made in the middle of the SECOND Millennium BC. Scientists are still puzzled over its purpose.
A group of scientists managed to find the first beer in the world. Such a discovery made in the excavations of ancient settlements in the Black Desert in North-East Jordan. The age drink, now estimated at about 13 thousand years. Local people made beer from the wild wheat and barley. In addition, according to the findings of scientists, they baked bread from wild grains for a long time before humans mastered agriculture.
Another group was taken from the Indians the title of the first Americans. For a long time it was believed that the first humans appeared in America about 13 thousand years ago. However, discovered at the archaeological monument Gault in Texas, the artifacts changed the idea of anthropologists. As it turned out, already 16-20 thousand years on the continent people lived. Moreover, they made tools by the way, unknown in other parts of the world.
In one of the Greek cities was found the oldest fragment of a literary work. A piece of brick with the inscription found in a pile of construction debris. Artifact handed over to specialists, who Vasyli its age and origin. It turned out, the stone at least 1700 years. And the inscription on it is the oldest extant portion of the poem “Odyssey” by the Greek writer Homer.
Italian excavations in Pompeii, there have been over 250 years, but the destruction of the city continues to excite scientists with new surprises. In the beginning of 2018 archaeologists from Italy began a large-scale research plot No. 5 (the researchers divided the city into nine districts). They managed to find the alley with balconies, numerous frescoes and the skeleton of a man crushed by a stone during the destruction of the city.
Scientists shocked “mummy” found during excavations of the necropolis of Saqqara in Egypt. Archaeologists stumbled upon the likeness of the workshop which produced the mummy. In a rectangular building stood large tanks in which dead bodies were prepared for mummification. The discovery at Saqqara allowed contemporaries to learn more about the ancient art of embalming.
Geneticists have found a hybrid of two different species of humans. He studied the bone fragment thirteen-year-old girl who lived in the Altai approximately 90 thousand years ago. The analysis yielded incredible results. As it turned out, the girl’s parents belonged to two different species: her mother belonged to the Neanderthals, and the father – to so-called “Denisovsky people.”
In October 2018 archaeologists from the UK and Bulgaria came across “Titanic” comes from ancient Greece. Experts raised from the seabed the remains of a merchant ship that sank in the Black sea approximately 2.4 thousand years ago. He was recognized as the oldest sunken vessel known to science. A layer of hydrogen sulfide well preserved wooden structure of the vehicle.
We will remind, archaeologists discovered the continuation of the great wall of China.
As reported Politeka, scientists have discovered a unique treasure in Russia via gopher.
Also Politeka wrote that archaeologists have found priceless treasures in the wine cellar.