It is better to use for planting fresh seeds.
The main problem faced by gardeners in the early spring is the selection of the appropriate seeds that will have good germination and ensure a high yield of vegetables in the garden. Unfortunately, not always the picture on the box corresponds to the truth, sometimes it’s not the grade that you bought, and in other cases the germination of seeds is so low that a good harvest out of the question, informs Rus.Media.
Just as in those moments many of us start to regret that did not collect the seed yourself, because it is not so difficult, but the result would be more predictable. Today’s article will be of interest to anyone who wants to collect seeds in the fall for planting the following year.
What is the difference between “sort” and “hybrid”.
After 4-5 years, any sort in the garden or in the garden appears, because against your will in pollination of other plants. To prevent such a result, try to collect seeds only from the most typical plants of any one variety.
The grade is displayed in the result of crossing the offspring of only one parent, due to such actions for several years displayed the plant, which the descendants will have the same genes as the parents. This is quite convenient, because the yield becomes more predictable, and in many years of growing a particular variety is already possible to establish an appropriate cultivation techniques and the necessary growing conditions.
In the wild the emergence of pure varieties is impossible, because pollination occurs randomly, between different parents. If you decide to collect the seeds of certain varieties, you can be sure that the new crop will look like and last.
The hybrids are obtained by crossing two specific parents, the procedure is very simple, because it’s fulfilled by breeders in greenhouse conditions, to avoid accidental pollination. It is this difficult method determines the high cost of such seeds.
Collection of seeds of annual plants
These plants in the garden is much more than all the other cultures, consider the most popular of them and learn methods of seed collection.
First, select the best tomatoes, then they need to be cut in half and spoon out the seeds with pulp. A few days wandering the seeds in a glass container and then be dried. It is best to plant such seeds in the following spring, after a year or two germination planting material will leave much to be desired.
Courgettes, pumpkins, squashes
To collect seeds of the courgettes, pumpkins and squash need to find Mature fruit pertrol pulp, seeds should be removed along with it. Then the seeds are taken and dried and then place in storage container. These cultures are very easy perezapustit because different varieties of certain vegetables should not be planted near.
These annual crops can be propagated very simply, it is enough to wait for flowering, which will give a rosette with seeds, cut only once the seed is fully ripe.
The beans and peas
The required number of pods of beans and peas need to be left to full maturity, after which they can be cut off some time dried, and then takes out the pods and pour into a glass container for long term storage.
Collection of seeds of biennial plants
These plants are much less than annual, data culture is characterized by a long life cycle that lasts from one to two years. So, in the first year of life seed grows a stalk from which leaves appear, and grows the root, and then in the winter months the plant is dormant, and the next year continues the growth and seed yields.
Carrots and beets
For seeds of carrots or beets need to smooth away the small roots, cut off the excess leaves, leaving only small stubs. Vegetables should be carefully washed, dried and put in the cellar until next year. In the spring they are planted in the soil and continue its growth, releasing the arrow with a peduncle, which later will become home to seeds.
Tip: to prevent sagging of the root vegetables in the winter, they should be placed in boxes with sand, they are stored at temperatures +1-+3 degrees.
As in the case of carrots and beets in the late fall you should choose the best cabbages, which will provide an excellent seed for the next year. These cabbages are stored at a temperature of +1-+2 degrees in a well ventilated place, planted in the ground in mid-April, because if you plant them late, the cabbage won’t have enough time to bloom and form seeds.
How to store seeds
Seed collection is only half the story, future harvest also depends on how the planting material was kept up to the moment to get into the ground. Because first, seeds provide the “correct dryness”, because wet seeds may simply rot over the winter. Remember that drying in the sun or in the oven landing material is not, the procedure will fit the shading and well-ventilated place.
Also, be aware of the desired temperature at which seeds can be stored. As a rule, the range is 0-5 degrees. This temperature is often in the cellar or refrigerator, not the cabinets, which so often is the seeds. Remember that the warming seed is perceived as a sign and begins to actively grow, so to avoid premature germination try not to change the temperature of the contents of the planting material.
Equally important, in stored seed. Well, if the package is sealed, for example, closed glass jar or plastic bag. Also watch the humidity in the storage location of the seed, it should not exceed 60% -70%, otherwise the seeds will begin to revive.
Tip: it is best to use for planting fresh seeds, few germinate crops well after long lying seeds.