Currants wants rejuvenation! And other tips cottagers

How to get a big crop, even if the berry bushes already “old age”?

Смородина хоче омолодження! Та інші поради дачникам

How to get a big crop, even if the berry bushes already “old age”?

Most berry plants do not require a very close attention. But among them there are two species that require constant care. This strawberries and currants, informs Rus.Media.

The first vacationers usually pay quite a lot of time seated, watered, fed, mulched garden beds, renew the plantation. But about the currant is often overlooked for many decades. And then wonder why Bush gives only a Cup of berries at a time as it really is possible to collect half a bucket.

What is most interesting, many growers blamed the poor harvest on adverse summer or harsh winter. Meanwhile, the problem to care for. To black currants well-fruited, Bush should keep updating!

Cut out old branches

Most berries the berries ripen in the centre of the shoots. In this area there are the main number of branches-podosek, but the fruit they long, only 2 – 3 years. And after 6 – 7 years harvest and is eroding. That is why the Bush annually to rejuvenate.

When pruning leave 2 – 3 new escape. All older than 5 years is cut flush with the ground. With this in formation in the currant bushes is always to 10 to 15 branches of different ages.

Cook for a replacement

Some gardeners can be found on a plot of currant bushes, which are 20, 30 and even 40 years! Probably, they can be grown as the memory of the ancestors, but the harvest from these relics can hardly wait. And if the berries are more important to you, then the hive should not be kept longer than 10 years – after this period it is better to uproot. And replace ageing plants start to prepare after 7 – 8 years.

To propagate blackcurrants are the easiest layering. To start near the Bush loosen the soil. Then make grooves with a depth of 5 cm bends in them strong branches, pin wire and sprinkled the ground.

When the young growths reach 15 cm, they need to Spud in humus or loose soil. By the autumn the young shoots of the cuttings form a mass of roots. Then they can be cut with shears from the parent plant, dig up a lump of earth and put in a permanent place.

In books, you often write: currants can be propagated by dividing the Bush. And gardeners are willing to use this advice – twisted Bush throw a pity. After all, he’ll make a few new ones. However, this method is not the best: plants becomes really more, but their quality leaves much to be desired. Moreover, in uterine bushes accumulate diseases and pests, and when divided they transform “the inheritance.”

Plant the young plants are best in the fall. And the new hive has grown powerful and gave a good harvest, the seedlings need to dig obliquely buried 6 – 8 cm In this case, additional roots are formed, and there are more shoots of renewal.

THE SECRET OF SUCCESS

Currants are best not planted in full sun and in partial shade. Then the berries grow so much more!

The sweetest

Three important sign of good red currant: large fruit, excellent taste, resistance to diseases and pests. With 36 varieties listed in the state register, perfect was only four.

Zero. Mid-season with excellent yields. Winter-hardy, resistant to powdery mildew and Septoria blotch.

Earring. The average period of maturation. Ripe berries do not crumble.

Ural beauty. The average period of maturation. Fantastic yields. Occasionally damaged by pod borer.

Ural souvenir. Early. Winter-hardy, resistant to diseases. On a bad summer berries shrinking.

TIPS OF THE SEASON

It’s time to trim the raspberries

So for the next year a rich harvest of luscious berries, now we need to remove all the extra stems

As you know raspberry fruiting on two-year shoots. And then they die. Would not bother with them in the summer, but wait until spring and then trim. But in this case they will spend a lot of pests! Therefore, once gathered raspberries, you need to undertake thinning.

First of all, remove all two-year shoots. Then weak, too thin annuals – they are useless and the raspberry bushes they greatly thicken and pests they settle more readily. And finally, cut a strong annual shoots, if they are unnecessary. Eventually each hive should be 10 – 12 stems (if raspberries are planted in a continuous belt, 30 to 40 per meter).

Shoots should be cut at the surface of the soil, leaving stumps – they can hide; their moths and pathogens.

In the late summer of annual shoots stop growing and begin to prepare for winter. To speed up their aging, the ends of the shoots in August pinch.

NOTE

The remontant raspberries two-year shoots also should be cut. But do it much later – after the onset of the steady autumn frosts, when the soil will freeze.

Arrange a fence made of garlic…

As you know, most raspberry varieties gives abundant root growth. Over time, the bushes of this berry are on other people’s beds. But to tame the raspberries you can, if around it to plant the garlic. Acute bed raspberry not cross under any circumstances!

Planting garlic is best in the winter – in the month of August. Back from planting raspberries about 20 centimetres here and add the garlic bed. The following year, will receive two crops: aromatic berries and sharp heads.

And in August, will again plant the cloves.

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