Unemployed young people who never learn, often suffer from mental illness: to such conclusion scientists have come, having analysed long-term studies of twins.
Today, young people are often harder to find work than previous generations. The reason for this is the global financial crisis has affected the prospects for employment among young people. A long time ago I want to go to work, but can’t find her. Among the unemployed there are many people who suffer from mental disorders that only worsens the situation, reports Rus.Media.
A group of researchers from the Institute of psychiatry, psychology and neuroscience at king’s College London (UK), Duke University (USA) and the University of California (USA) used data from long-term studies of twins, to assess the motivation to work, mental problems and dependence on psychoactive substances in two thousand 18-year-old Britons who have received compulsory education in high school. 12% of them were not students and did not work.
The inability to find a job causes stress which affects the mental balance
Among young people, who at the time of the study were not working and not studying, frequent cases of mental disorders and alcohol or drug abuse. But the survey showed that they want to get a job and is actively looking for her.
About 60% of young people from this group had any mental problems in childhood. 35% of the unemployed suffered from depression and 14% with generalized anxiety disorder. A group of young people, which were students or youth with a permanent place of work, showed different results. Mental disorders in children were recorded in only 35%, but depression and anxiety disorder suffered only 18 and 6% respectively.
The researchers found that unemployed young people lacking leadership skills and ability to organize own time, they are worse than solve any tasks and problems. Turns out, they have poorly developed skills, which are often more important for competitiveness in the labor market than education or professionalism.
The period of transition from school to employment is becoming critical, and young people need support
“We believe that mental health issues often accompany a lack of work and learning for several reasons. First, the inability to find a job causes stress which affects the mental balance. Secondly, employers are interested in candidates who seem quite healthy. In some cases, the refusal of work and study by itself is associated with early manifestations of serious mental diseases,” – says one of the study’s authors, Professor at the Institute of psychiatry, psychology and neuroscience at king’s College London Terry Moffitt.
“Often I think that young people who are neither working nor studying, just don’t want to do. The results show that they are not less motivated than their peers. But many of them do suffer from psychological problems which prevent efficiently to position themselves in the labour market.
The period of transition from school to employment is becoming critical, and they especially need the support of professional psychologists or psychiatrists. It is also important to teach them various employment and life skills needed in any job,” adds his colleague, Professor, Institute of psychiatry, psychology and neuroscience Louise Arsenault.