Crooked cucumbers can often be found in gardens even experienced gardeners, and the reasons are many.
Today we want to reveal the secret of smooth pickles, perfect lie in jars for preservation, informs Rus.Media.
Crispy pickled cucumbers in the winter – it’s almost a gastronomic treasure. Typically, a variety of pickles hostesses choose same straight cucumbers as if to draw a blueprint. Farmers also prefer the crop “without artistic masterpieces”, as the levels cucumbers easier to sort, transport and, finally, they are more in demand by buyers. But sometimes fruits take the form of a pear, a dumbbell, or curled in a hook. That may be the reason and how to avoid the appearance of “art objects” in the garden, will be discussed in today’s material.
The main reasons for the curvature of cucumbers
Such reasons may be several. But some of them can be easily leveled by using a correct feeding.
The lack of microelements
Micronutrient deficiency – the most common cause of curved cucumbers. Usually plants are deficient in potassium or nitrogen. But if you have the whole season saved on feeding, micronutrient deficiency can be complex.
A potassium deficiency
Often plants do not have enough potassium, because its reserves in the soil until mid-summer are usually heavily depleted. In addition, cold nights disturbed thermal regime and, consequently, this element is less digestible plants.
A deficiency of potassium in cucumbers acquire a yellowish tint and shape, which is a bit like a pear (the stalk thinning and thicken bottom). At the same time the edges of the leaves become lighter and bent down, sometimes they appear necrotic spots.
In order to remedy the situation, you can handle the plants with a solution of potassium salt (25-30 g per 10 liters of water), and after 4 days, thoroughly water the soil and sprinkle sulphate of potassium (40-60 g per 1 sq.m).
Also copes with the problem of the ash solution (0.5 liters of ash per 10 liters of water). Under one plant you can pour in 1 liter of solution.
In this case, the fruits become light green in colour and significantly narrow side of the flower, and near the stalk, on the contrary, thicken, sometimes vaguely resembling carrots. At the same time, plants are stunted, the stems become thinner and trevisanut, and the leaves become smaller and lighter.
If such disharmonious cucumbers have appeared in the garden, try to spray the plants with a solution of urea (5 g per 1 l of water), and after five days, make a bed of ammonium nitrate (30 g per 1 sq.m).
You can also pour the cucumber bushes with a solution of ammonium nitrate (3 tablespoons per 10 liters of water).
Do not overdo it: excess nitrogen in the soil can cause subsidence of the ovaries.
Alternatively, you can use organic fertilizers, for example, a solution of mullein (1:10). A rich supply of nitrogen has and herbal infusion, which before incorporation into the soil should be mixed with water (1:10).
Comprehensive micronutrient deficiencies
If plant lacks of several trace elements, the fruits of its intricate shape can surprise someone like Pablo Picasso. Cucumbers are deformed differently, Recalling that fancy sports equipment, a mysterious giant insects. If you do not plan to grow the exhibits for the exhibition in the framework of the agricultural fair, the easiest way to treat the plants with a solution of NPK (25 g per 1 l of water). Re-treatment can be carried out not earlier than in a week.
2. the cause of Incorrect watering cucumbers
Cucumbers are extremely sensitive to the temperature of water used for irrigation. Usually they feel comfortable, if the water is warmed to 25-28°C. Also, if you water the plants regularly, the fruit harden and curl.
After the appearance of the ovary land for cucumber bushes need to moisturize every 2-3 days, and since mid-August, if weather conditions permit, you can do every 1-2 weeks.
If you are not able to regularly water the plants, and the summer promises to be dry, you can use a drip irrigation system. Its application has many additional advantages, including economical consumption of water, reducing the risk of fungal diseases and the ability to organize root fertilizing.
Reason 3. Temperature changes
If you grow cucumbers in the open ground, at the end of the summer they sometimes have so-called “narrow waist”.
The reason usually are sudden temperature fluctuations. The day is still quite hot and the night is cool. To your green Pets not suffer because of this, try to shelter them for the night.
Reason 4. Methoprene cucumbers
Usually about this issue, evidenced by hooked fruits with uneven color (darker near the stem and lighter towards the flower).
To prevent the occurrence of such cucumbers, carry out artificial pollination. If you missed the point, try to spray the plants boric acid (3 g per 1 liter of water).
And in the future to get good harvest don’t forget to buy samopisny seeds of varieties and hybrids.
Reason 5. Wrong planting of cucumbers
This paragraph follows logically from the previous one. Often gardeners did not hesitate long and put next to different varieties and hybrids of cucumbers, and then wonder crop. The main mistake is landing in the neighborhood pollinated by bees and parthenocarpic varieties that don’t require pollination. The result is a partial cross-pollination, interbreeding species, and beaked fruit, which in winter are hard to get from banks.
In order to avoid this, pay attention to the instructions, which always have a packet of seeds. Avoid planting next to normal and parthenocarpic cultivars and hybrids.
Be sure to follow the rules of crop rotation. Try not to plant cucumbers in the same place where they grew in the previous year. The best predecessors for cucumbers can be cabbage and cauliflower, tomatoes, potatoes, beets or peas. And after a pumpkin is better to wait four years before landing the same bed of cucumber seedlings.
Reason 6. Late harvest cucumbers
In season, you need to harvest every 2-3 days. If it be late, the part overripe cucumbers, and the plant will be more difficult to properly distribute nutrients. The result is a young cucumbers will acquire bizarre shapes.
Reason 7. Characteristics of the variety
Sometimes the characteristic curvature is a varietal characteristic. Most often it occurs in late-maturing varieties and hybrids. Also bending is most often inherent in the Chinese cucumber.
If you plan to use crop in a certain way, and shape of the fruit for you – a key feature, simply choose a proven seeds from reliable vendors.