How to choose melons and how to “calculate” in them nitrates

This year because of the heat the season of melons and watermelons early began a little earlier than usual.

Як вибрати кавуни і дині, і як «вирахувати» у них нітрати

Rough aromatic melon and striped watermelons, together appearing on the shelves in many retail outlets beckon. What you need to know to pick the ripest fruit without nitrates?

Watermelon: look for “button”, choose “girl”

Say that watermelon is better to buy not now, but in August, when the season will start harvesting the main crop. Professor, Department of commodity science of the Kyiv trade and economic University Elena Sidorenko believes that now is to buy watermelons dangerous – they can be significantly exceeded the nitrate content. At the same time, the Director of the southern experimental station of horticulture of NAAS of Ukraine (the Hola Prystan district of Kherson region) Vladimir Lymar argues that in recent years, farmers have mastered the early cultivation of watermelon under the film, so these first “berries” can be safe at presence in them of harmful substances. However, much depends on the individual farmers and specific outlets. What you need to consider when choosing a watermelon?

The “right” watermelon should be intact, without cracks, scratches and cuts, yellow or orange spot about 10 cm in diameter. This spot is like a seal certifying that the fruit Matures on the ground. But if spotless, it means that the watermelon broke in advance and matured, he is not at the plantation, so there is less of nutrients. Too much stain can warn about bad taste – such spots are formed when the lack of heat and sun, informs Rus.Media.

Explore further: growths on the skin or small spots with a dot inside indicate that watermelon something pricked – as an option, it could be a growth stimulant.

Than contrast and brighter black and green stripes, splashy watermelon. But if there are doubts about this, you need to RUB the cork and sniff – immature watermelon smells like freshly cut grass. By the way, peel a good ripe watermelon by the nail pierced.

If you knock on the watermelon, ripe “sound” loud, immature and emits a dull sound. Dry tail, in principle, suggests that the fruit is ripe or almost ripe. But a more sure sign of the ripened fruit is hidden in the “button” is the place from which the tail grows. If it is bulging with Horny edges, the watermelon is ripe.

And the last: watermelon – bisexual berry. Sweeter, usually girls, with a wider range on the “pole” opposite the tail. The “male” specimens of the bottom of the berries is convex and a circle small.

Cantaloupe: smell and looking for a sign “wool”

Should not be tempted by discounts, and buy cracked or cut melon. And it is not necessary when buying ask the seller to make an incision “sample”, as in sweet environment, bacteria multiply very rapidly. And in the cracks of the rind of a melon can hide such “horrors” as the causative agents of botulism and salmonellosis.

When choosing a melon note on the tail – it needs to be dry. And when you press your fingers to peel the melon needs a little bounce. If it is solid, so still green. Ripe melons can be determined by the smell – it is thin, reminiscent of the aroma of honey and nedoslo smell of herbs. If the crust is damaged, spots and dings – the fruit may be overripe, so the flesh can be cotton and tasteless.

How to “calculate” the nitrates?

Superficially calculate the presence of nitrates in melons and watermelons is almost unreal. To suspect that not everything is pure only if the fruits have dents, punctures, etc. and more details about the possible presence of nitrates, as evidenced by national means of verification, can show an autopsy.

As a rule, “nitrate” of watermelon flesh is intensely red with a slight purple hue. Fiber in the pulp is not white, but yellowish, and the cut surface is smooth, glossy, while the fruits without nitrates it sparkles with grains juice.

There is another way to check. You can omit the slice of watermelon pulp in a glass of water. If the fruit is good, the water is slightly turbid, and if overfed with nitrates – it will turn red or pink.

With melon even more difficult. To determine what is in it nitrates, it is possible only by studying it from the inside – about the presence of harmful chemicals show well-marked large white streaks in the flesh.

Fruits that have nitrates, in principle, can not be thrown away but need to neutralize the chemicals. And for this you need:

not to eat watermelon and melon to the rind because the nitrates more concentrated near the peel thickness of about 3 cm, and the melon – 1 cm,

– before cutting the fruit, it well, twice, wash with soap and water – to children and adults with diseased kidneys, watermelon is just the middle,

– to neutralize the effect of possibly present in watermelons and melons of nitrates before eating it is advisable to drink a Cup of green tea or eat a handful of currants.

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