This part of the immune system!
For decades, millions of children in the developed world underwent surgery to remove the adenoids and tonsils. But recent research, which was published in IFL Science has discovered new data, informs Rus.Media.
These structures are lymphatic tissue that serve to initiate immune responses to pathogens, often chronically inflamed in the first years of life.
Because the medical community used to think that their absence has no significant effect on health, many doctors chose to save children from the constant sore throats and ear infections that accompany this inflammation, cutting out the source.
But a groundbreaking study published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery suggests that this common practice can lead to the fact that in the future children will become sick more often.
A research group under the direction of Dr. Sean Barca from the University of Melbourne examined the medical records from the dataset of approximately 1.2 million Danes whose health were observed from birth to 10 years, and in some cases up to 30 years.
After comparing the subjects who had removed the tonsils or the adenoids at the age of 9, Dr. Byers and his colleagues found that those who underwent tonsillectomy, three times more likely to suffer or an allergic or infectious respiratory diseases, including asthma, influenza and pneumonia, among others – in the coming years.
Implementation adenomectomy was associated with a twofold increase of these diseases, as well as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and conjunctivitis.
Many of the unpleasant symptoms of tonsillitis and adenoiditis, soon after surgery recover.
This means that any possible short term benefits are insignificant, not to mention the long-term risks.
This was the first study to assess long-term effects of tonsillectomy and adenomectomy for many diseases, and the authors note that a large number of patients were examined to obtain results, provides the results of serious weight.
In light of significant risks, Dr. Byars and his team propose to avoid these procedures in the presence of alternative methods of treatment.
If other options come to an end, physicians must try to delay the operation for a long period to allow the immune system of the child develop further. Dr. Byars says:
“Tonsils and adenoids are part of the lymphatic system, and play a key role in the normal development of the immune system, and screening of pathogens in infancy and early childhood. Removal may weaken the protective function and increases the risk of late respiratory and infectious diseases.”
Another proof how little we know about the human body!