The date of may 18 was not only a Day of remembrance but a Day of revival of the rehabilitated people of the Crimea.
Annually on may 18 in the Republic of Crimea celebrated the Day of memory of victims of deportation of peoples of the Crimea. This memorable date was established by the decision of the Verkhovna Rada of the Crimea in 1994 and confirmed by a Republican by the act of March 3, 2015, as a tribute to and continuity of the destinies of the multinational people of the Crimea, reports Rus.Media.
The history of our homeland knows many sad dates, and tragic events, among them the deportation and forcible eviction of hundreds of thousands of inhabitants of the Crimean Peninsula on a national basis. 18 may 1944 to Central Asia from Crimea was sent the first echelon of the Crimean Tatars, Greeks, Bulgarians, Germans, Armenians and other peoples of the Crimea. Their deportation was carried out with illegal prosecution by the authorities of the USSR in “mass desertion” of the red Army, and in collaboration with the German occupying forces during the great Patriotic war and participation of Crimean Tatars in the collaborationist formations on the side of Nazi Germany.
I must say that the Crimean Tatars appeared on the Peninsula in the 13th century, forming the Crimean ulus of the Golden Horde, and after its collapse in 1443 came the Crimean khanate, which in 1783 became part of the Russian Empire.
Deportation of peoples of the Crimea Peninsula began with the eviction of the Crimean Tatar population. Main operation began at dawn on 18 may 1944. On 20 may there were more than 180 thousand people. According to the final data, from the Crimea were deported more than 200 thousand Crimean Tatars (more than 47 thousand families). Then, in may-June 1944 from the territory of the Peninsula were deported even Greeks, Bulgarians, Armenians, Germans, Italians, Romanians.
Only in the late 1980s, began an active public movement of the Crimean Tatars for homecoming. In November 1989 the USSR Supreme Soviet adopted the Declaration “About a recognition illegal and criminal repressive acts against peoples subjected to forcible resettlement and ensuring their rights.” In the same year the solution of session of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR was formed a special Commission on problems of the Crimean Tatar people. In 1990, the USSR Council of Ministers adopted a decree “On priority measures to address issues related to the return of the Crimean Tatars in the Crimean region”. From this time began the mass return of formerly deported peoples.