The Verkhovna Rada adopted the law on transplantation of human anatomical materials.
Today, may 17, the Verkhovna Rada adopted the law on transplantation of human anatomical materials. Voted 255 deputies, reports Rus.Media.
Bill No. 2386а-1 provides that each person can accept or refuse post-mortem organ donation. The answer is “Yes” is a written statement, a stamp in the passport or driver’s license and entering the data into the Unified state information system of transplantation.
“Fall back” option is to name a Trustee that after the death of the person manifests his consent or a ban on transplant of anatomical material.
If the person is in no way expressed his will during his lifetime, they were interviewing his relatives – a husband, children, parents, brothers and sisters.
Do not use human organs after his death, if it is in life spoke out against or wouldn’t allow her relatives.
In addition, it prohibits the use of anatomical materials, if no one to ask permission; if the court, law enforcement or the medical examiner. Can’t be donors posthumously veterans ATO and environmental protection; orphans; are recognized as incapable; and those whose identity is uninstalled.
It is anticipated by October 1, to create a Unified state information system of the transplant, and along with the responsible body (Central Executive authority that implements state policy in the sphere of provision of medical assistance with the use of transplantation and the implementation of activities related to transplantation).
The information system will consist of several registers:
expression relative to post-mortem organ donation “trusted” people who agree to post-mortem donation of those whom they represent;
human anatomical materials intended for transplantation and/or manufacture of bioimplantation;
living donors of hematopoietic stem cells;
people with transplantirovannam anatomical material;
medical institutions authorized for transplantirovannam,
the transplant coordinators.
All of these registers are provided for sensitive data, so access to them is restricted. Exception – list of medical institutions where they can do the transplant, and register as a transplant coordinator – they will be posted on the website responsible for the transplantation of Executive authority open access for all.
Confidential information in the registry will be able to know the transplant coordinator, the officer responsible for the transplantation of Executive authority forensic scientists.
Therefore, if a person will write a statement of consent to posthumous donation, finds out some of these categories of persons, particularly one who will contribute data to the registry.
Provided the fuse, the information transplantation system will record not only the data recorded in it, but the history that was known when and who was interested in confidential data of the person.
However people will face in this area with the health facilities, which will be the license for transplantation; Bureau of forensics and other objects of management, which will implement the activities associated with transplantation.
For its part, the transplant coordinators are envisaged as those who will obtain the consent of relatives after the death of the person, enter data in the register and to organise removal, storage and transportation of anatomical materials.
Pair donor-recipient will be determined by a Single transplant system. Finding such pairs will be implemented during any new information about the living donor and recipient or the anatomical materials. The system will consider a number of indicators, in particular immunological compatibility, how urgently you need a transplant, distance and the like. Priority will be given to underage recipients and living donors who had previously provided their anatomical materials.
If in Ukraine there are no recipients for anatomical materials – they will be able to offer other States, which have signed relevant international treaties.
When the pair donor-recipient is identified, the data cannot be changed (except the cases when the doctors declared the transplant recipient is impossible or refused).
If the system has identified a few deceased donor-recipient transplant coordinator informs the doctor. The doctors rightly takes the decision about the possibility or impossibility of transplantation. If their verdict is “no” then the recipient can appeal the decision. If they conclude that it is perhaps misleading to the recipient and he has the opportunity to accept or decline.
In any case, all data is recorded.
It is impossible to transplant human organs of animals, but it is a medical device made from animal anatomical materials used for implantation.
Prohibited trade of anatomical materials man – but the state can reward those who became a donor in life.
The bill increases penalties for withdrawal from a person by coercion or deception, anatomical materials transplant – this will mean imprisonment for up to 5 years. If the victim was in a helpless condition or is financially or otherwise dependent on the perpetrator – punishment in the form of imprisonment for 5-7 years.
Illegal trade of anatomical materials may cause imprisonment up to 5 years.
Such breaches committed on preliminary arrangement by group of persons, include deprivation of liberty for 5-8 years.