To stop the bleeding in case of a cut, tear the skin, mild or severe injuries is very important, because major blood loss may lead to irreversible consequences.
To stop the bleeding in case of a cut, tear the skin, mild or severe injuries is very important, because major blood loss may lead to irreversible consequences. However, to correctly provide first aid in bleeding, need to know what kind of bleeding, because only then can we provide proper first aid and to minimize the risks of infection, excessive blood loss and more serious consequences, reports Rus.Media.
Here are some types of bleeding are, and how to provide first aid for them.
The main types of bleeding:
The risk of bleeding:
acute blood loss;
the risk of infection;
the occurrence of pulsating hematoma;
the penetration of air into the damaged vessel.
How to determine the type of bleeding:
1. Capillary: small and uniform discharge of blood from the damaged surface.
2. Venous even and quick flow of blood a dark shade of red with no signs of spouting; the formation of clots.
3. Blood: throbbing, sometimes intermittent stream of blood of a bright red hue that flows with great speed.
4. Inner: pale skin, cold sweat, dizziness, weak pulse, fainting, shallow breathing; no external bleeding. If the bleeding is localized in the lung area, there is a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes, frequent and/or shortness of breath, coughing up blood. Bleeding in the abdominal area can further be manifested by vomiting blood, tachycardia, decrease in blood pressure. Hematoma arise in the case of bleeding into the large muscles.
The types of bleeding and rules of first aid when they
wash the wound clean water;
treat the wound with antiseptic;
apply a gauze bandage.
apply pressure with a sterile dressing;
if the compress doesn’t help, on a padded surface, apply a tourniquet or twisted towel, belt, etc. (place them below the damaged area) with the application notes the time overlay;
leave the tourniquet for no more than 1 hour in cold weather and 2 hours in hot.
if no fractures, raise the limb;
let’s get a tourniquet (or its equivalent) above the injury site;
while searching for material for the harness press the artery (above the damage) in place of surge;
in violation of the integrity of certain arteries (brachial, ulnar, femoral or popliteal) limb can be lifted and locked in a bent position.
ensure the immobility of the victim:
when hemorrhage in the breast area arrange the victim in a semi-sitting position and put a cushion under the knees;
when hemorrhage into the peritoneal cavity in the supine position;
it will reduce the bleeding can help the cold that you need to make to the proposed location of the bleeding.
Be sure to call for an ambulance (in all cases, except capillary bleeding), because the injured man in danger of losing a lot of blood and even die. Remember: forbidden to touch the wound with your hands, try to extract from it any object and to remove the blood soaked bandage.
Administer first aid and wait for medical.