Sinusitis: everything you need to know about the treatment and prevention of disease

Синусит: все, что нужно знать о лечении и профилактике болезни

If time does not cure the common cold, there is a risk that any purulent sinusitis. This inflammation affecting the subordinate departments of the nose.

The contents

  • 1 Purulent sinusitis: what is it?
  • 2 Causes and symptoms of sinusitis in adults
  • 3 Purulent sinusitis symptoms and treatment
  • 4 Chronic sinusitis in children
  • 5 Sinus and sinusitis: what’s the difference?
  • 6 Polypous sinusitis: what is it?
  • 7 Purulent sinusitis: treatment of the disease
  • 8 How to treat sinusitis?
  • 9 Prevention of sinusitis

If time does not cure the common cold, there is a risk that any purulent sinusitis. This inflammation affecting the subordinate departments of the nose. It develops on the background of the emergence of infections. What is purulent sinusitis how to treat it, what can be complications and how to prevent the disease – read our material.

Purulent sinusitis: what is it?

Many people who develop this disease, ask the question: “What is sinusitis?”. Purulent or allergic sinusitis is a common problem. It is also called rhinosinusitis. The disease is an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, which is caused by bacterial infection.

Experts divide the disease into four groups. It depends on which sinuses are affected disease:

  • if it appears in the upper tracks, means the patient suffers from sinusitis (maxillary sinusitis);
  • if has affected the frontal – ethmoidal;
  • if there is inflammation of the cells of the sphenoid bone – the sphenoid.

Causes and symptoms of sinusitis in adults

Sinusitis is often not a primary disease but a side effect from a cold and the emergence of infections in the respiratory tract.

In addition, the cause may be more and different injuries of the nose, allergic reactions and diseases of the teeth, which are close to the frontal lobe.

Purulent sinusitis symptoms and treatment

Improper treatment may lead to aggravation of the situation, so doctors do not recommend self-medicate. But in order to diagnose sinusitis, you should pay attention to the main symptoms of the disease.

Symptoms of sinusitis:

  • inflamed mucosa;
  • laying the sinuses;
  • the presence of purulent discharge from the nose;
  • tissues of the nose swollen;
  • nose swells;
  • disturbs constant headache, especially if you tilt your head;
  • if you put pressure on the nose, there is a cutting pain;
  • reduced sense of smell;
  • the nose is almost impossible to breathe.

Sinusitis affects the tissues okolonauchnyh tissue, bacteria cause severe inflammation, sinusitis, and purulent discharge. Also, acute sinusitis should be required to see a specialist to get effective therapy.

Chronic sinusitis in children

In children this disease can be the consequence of measles. Children’s sinusitis often becomes chronic. Doctors distinguish three age groups of children, which are inherent in certain symptoms of the disease:

  1. Up to 3 years;
  2. From 4 to 7 years;
  3. From 8 to 15 years.

Sinusitis in the child first group often affects the cells of a trellised labyrinth. The difficulty of treatment lies in the fact that the three-year toddler is unable to Express in words all the symptoms that he experiences. Usually, sinusitis occurs after SARS, as well as adenoid.

Синусит: все, что нужно знать о лечении и профилактике болезни

Chronic sinusitis in children

Children of the second group suffer from sinusitis in the maxillary and ethmoid sinuses, may also suffer the maxillary sinus.

As the representatives of the third group of the sinus is fully exposed, sinusitis can occur anywhere. Often there are times when both inflamed sinuses all or a few of them.

Sinusitis and sinusitis: what’s the difference?

When sinusitis inflammation occurs in the maxillary sinus, and the diagnosis of sinusitis put, when the disease is localized in several places at the same time.

And as for the causes of inflammation, they may be the same.

Common symptoms of disease:

  • severe headache;
  • pressure inflammation;
  • constant pain, especially when turning the head;
  • high body temperature;
  • nasal congestion;
  • sore throat;
  • cough;
  • purulent discharge from the nose;
  • the unpleasant smell.

So, the symptoms of sinusitis and sinusitis are very similar, this creates a special difficulty in diagnosis. Physician must order a full examination to detect the difference in symptoms. X-rays of the sinuses, ultrasound, tomografia to identify the disease and the place where it is based.

Signs of ethmoiditis

  • The ethmoid in the acute form is characterized by this set of symptoms:
  • high temperature (sometimes up to 40 degrees);
  • vomiting and diarrhea;
  • pus;
  • nasal congestion;
  • cough;
  • swelling century;
  • intoxication.

If the patient has purulent form of the disease, added the following symptoms:

  • sharp pain upon contact;
  • swollen cheeks;
  • severe headache;
  • weakness.

Signs of sinusitis

This type of sinusitis is characterized by severe pain in the forehead, nasal discharge, swelling of various body parts.

In the chronic form flow added:

  • the decrease of ability of memory;
  • the sleep disorders;
  • irritability;
  • swelling of the body.

Signs of sphenoiditis

The symptoms of this disease specialists refer pain to the head, intoxication, purulent discharge in the nose and throat with an unpleasant odor.

During the natural course of chronic form of the disease may appear neurological disorders, fainting, fatigue. It can disappear the selection.

Polypoid sinusitis: what is it?

The appearance polosnogo sinusitis is caused by the overlap of the ducts that connect the sinuses with the nasal cavity and polyps. The polyps in this case I can’t isolate the mucus and start to accumulate it in himself.

Symptoms in polypous sinusitis:

  • shortness of breath;
  • profuse discharge of white or yellow flowers;
  • the feeling that the nose is a third-party subject;
  • constant inflammation;
  • change tone of voice;
  • intoxication.

Purulent sinusitis: treatment of the disease

If the time to resolve the problem, it is possible to avoid the development of dangerous complications of sinusitis.

Quickly and efficiently sinusitis is treated with antibiotics.

Correctly prescribed treatment allows you to quickly eliminate inflammation. Doctors often prescribe the following medications:

  1. Drugs that constrict the blood vessels;
  2. Solutions with salt to rinse the sinuses;
  3. Antipyretic drugs;
  4. Antibacterial drugs;
  5. Stimulants of the immune system.

Antibiotics if the sinusitis is the main drug in the fight against nalogom. But to treat the needs of ENT. To get rid of purulent fluid uses a special saline solutions for rinsing. Small children are encouraged to treat nose Bioparox, and to lower the temperature of the Ibuprofen.

In addition, the chronic form of sinusitis treated harder. For effective elimination of the disease should be treatments: inhalation of vapor and electrophoresis.

Синусит: все, что нужно знать о лечении и профилактике болезни

Purulent sinusitis: treatment of the disease

Mild and moderate forms of chronic sinusitis does not require the intervention of a surgeon. For the treatment often enough antibiotic from the sinus infection, but in the case of allergic reactions – using cephalosporins or macrolides.

Catarrhal sinusitis: what it is

In this form of sinusitis manifest other symptoms. You should know that pus is absent in the catarrhal form. But the course of the disease is accompanied by severe swelling, inflammation and increased mucosal secretions.

The catarrhal symptoms of sinusitis are very similar to other types of the disease. The treatment mainly aims to eliminate mucus, which filled the nasal passages and reduce swelling.

Should know! Catarrhal sinusitis is treated with antibacterial drug alone is strictly prohibited. This may lead to superinfection.

To reduce the swelling of catarrhal sinusitis, use of vasoconstrictor drugs. And in severe pain – analgesic.

How to treat sinusitis?

Treatment of symptoms of sinusitis includes the following procedures:

The doctor prescribes drugs that narrow blood vessels. It is important to know that they can not take more than one week. Otherwise, you may experience atrophy of the mucosa.

If in his nose there was fungus in the treatment of use special anti-fungal medications.

The patient should use the intranasal drops or spray, and in the case of purulent sonoita, you should drink a course of antibiotics. But before the doctor will prescribe a specific antibiotic, you need to pass seeding on microflora. This will help to determine which types of medications sensitive organism.

In addition, in some cases, you may need a procedure called “needling of the maxillary sinuses”. This will eliminate the accumulation of pus in this place, which will greatly facilitate the patient’s condition.

Also the pus can blow through a special Yamik catheter. It is used only when purulent sinusitis. Your doctor will insert a rubber catheter, which has two small cylinder. They swell in the nose, and after a specialist with a syringe sucks all the pus from the nasal cavity.

Also in medical offices often carry out washing of the nose using special instruments. At home, it is possible to make a syringe, but the procedure can cause discomfort.

The hospital also has a special machine that allows you to avoid them. One nostril is introduced a special syringe and a pump, which extracts the pus.

Acute sinusitis: a treatment of folk remedies

People’s councils can significantly improve the patient’s condition. But you can’t rely on them exclusively. For example, herbal tea will help to quickly get rid of the cough. And decoctions are used for nasal lavage.

Prevention of sinusitis

If you follow the simple rules of prevention, you can avoid dangerous and unpleasant disease.

  1. On time and correctly treat runny nose and nasal congestion.
  2. Spend prevention nasal passages after each case of infection with a cold.
  3. Treat your allergies in case of allergic sinusitis.
  4. Strengthens the immune system.
  5. Stick to a healthy lifestyle.
  6. Systematically engage in sports.
  7. Reduce your bad habits to a minimum.
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