In our time, when man builds robots, unmanned vehicles, houses high one mile, and is also preparing to colonize a neighboring planet, the ocean still holds many secrets.
In this article we will tell you about the most amazing things that lurk in this cradle of life on Earth, reports Rus.Media.
We still don’t know how much of the oceans on our planet
Scientists have not been able to determine how many oceans on Earth. Until the thirties of the twentieth century, experts have identified four oceans: Pacific, Atlantic, Indian and Arctic. They were later joined by another and the southern ocean, but twenty years from his release refused. In 2000, the international hydrographic organization once again made the division into five oceans.
The Pacific ocean is actually quite not quiet
Núñez de Balboa the first European who saw the Pacific ocean, named it the South sea. Familiar to us the name of the ocean gave Ferdinand Magellan, who was lucky to cross in good weather. That’s only really the Pacific ocean is not peaceful. It is very often originate tropical storms and tsunamis large enough scale.
In the ocean can remain untouched ancient animals
Jellyfish are the oldest living inhabitants of the Earth. On the planet they live more than 600 million years and most likely they will outlive mankind. It is also likely that in the depths of the ocean hiding a hitherto unknown organisms, which we are just not found. Some experts believe that in the oceans at the moment, can live up to 2 million different species of living beings. Of these we examined, only 200 thousand.
The ocean is able to provide energy to all mankind for years to come
The energy of waves, tides, currents, salinity and temperature differences — all this can become an inexhaustible source of energy. The only problem is how to learn this energy to. Just imagine — 0.1% of the total kinetic energy generated by the ocean 5 times can cover all the world’s electricity needs.
The oceans have their own “cities” where the action is
Oases maximum concentration of ocean life coral reefs serve as “black smokers” — acting at the bottom of oceans numerous sources, of which the oceans comes highly mineralized hot water. For example, only one Great barrier reef is home to 400 types of coral and 1,500 species of fish. What you do not have an underwater version of new York city?
Ocean pollution is simply at an alarming rate
The dumping of wastes, including toxic, directly into the water is only 44% of the total pollution of the world ocean. While more than 33% of toxic substances in the ocean fall through the air. Water pollution is perhaps one of the main problems of all humanity. In the North Pacific ocean, for example, a floating continent of garbage, the amount of which may reach 15 million square km
The ocean feeds the half of the planet’s inhabitants
For 3.5 billion people, the ocean is the main and sometimes only source of food. In General, the ocean is involved in the life of each of us, in fact 90% of all commercial communication between countries still occur with shipping.
Even the most familiar things in the ocean be unusual
Did you know that in the oceans there are lakes? Yes, this happens. This happens because the water in them on average 4-5 times more salty than the surrounding ocean water. The difference in salinity and consequently density, does not allow these waters to be mixed and forms a clear boundary habitats.
The highest mountain in the world is ocean
Everest is the highest point above sea level, but not the highest mountain. The record in this sense is the Hawaiian volcano Mauna Kea. Above sea level, it rises only 4205 meters, but its total height is 10203 meters.
The tiny irukandji jellyfish is to be feared much more than the sharks
These babies that live off the coast of Australia, can cause a painful death. Some time after the bite the man begins severe headache, back pain, muscle pain, pain in the abdomen and pelvis, nausea, vomiting, sweating, hypertension, tachycardia, pulmonary edema. Terrible pain all over my body can last more than a day.