Not for the faint of heart.
Sometimes scientists try to play God, trying to create something new, reports Rus.Media.
Some of their discovery is indeed a breakthrough for humanity, the other a nightmare that breaks the natural laws of nature. Genetic engineering is already firmly entrenched, and sometimes the results are shocking.
A rat with a human ear.
In 1997, Charles Vacanti together with a team of scientists at the medical school of the University of Massachusetts has grown on the back of the rat human ear, the animal transplantarea of cartilage cells. The ear has reached the right size and was successfully transplanted to the patient.
In the Soviet popular science film, 1940 experiments in revival of the organism demonstrated experience with the use of a primitive heart-lung machine. The device provides the separated dog’s head with oxygen-rich blood, and she was responsive to external stimuli.
A pig with a human face.
In 2015 in the economy the Chinese farmer’s pig born with a human face. This year, genetics was first created chimeric embryos, in which pigs are connected with the cells of humans and other mammals. This will allow us to grow human organs in animals body.
Chickens without feathers.
In 2001, the Israeli geneticist brought the breed chickens without feathers. These birds are perfectly adapted to output, in warm countries, are growing rapidly, are less prone to parasites, and they do not have to pluck before cooking.
The Belgian blue cow.
It is a meat breed of cows was developed in the nineteenth century by crossing the short-legged Shorthorn beef bulls from the UK with black-and-white and red-white Friesian dairy cows of Belgium. Incredible muscle mass cloven-hoofed because DNA gene, suppressing actions of myostatin, a protein that inhibits muscle growth after a certain threshold.
The destruction of malarial mosquitoes.
Everyone knows that the bite of the Anopheles mosquito dangerous to humans. So scientists began to work to edit the genome of mosquitoes. It is really to destroy the population of Anopheles, by mass rearing and release of sterile males.
In 2007, Professor, University of Hiroshima, Masayuki Sumida brought transparent frogs. This discovery will allow to consider changes of internal organs of amphibians during a disease without preparation.
Sterile pink bollworm of cotton.
In the United States found a way of dealing with attacking cotton fields pink boxed worm of cotton. On special farms butterflies grow from worms by feeding them red dye to differentiate it from the usual. Then the agronomists exposed them to a complete sterilization, and then scatter over the cotton fields by using unmanned aerial vehicles.
Barbus Sumatran fluorescent.
Fluorescent fish were first established at the National University of Singapore. To produce a colored glow fish DNA was placed the genes of jellyfish and corals.
Lives on the farm goat at the University of Utah grafted the spider gene-Zlatograd. Animals give milk that contains spider silk, which is then sent for recycling. Silk is isolated in a special way, and then used for the production of bulletproof vests, artificial ligaments and tendons.
Genetically modified salmon company AquaBounty is growing two times faster than normal fish of this species. If this kind of release in the nature, the ecosystem can fail…
Environmentally friendly pigs.
Canadian scientists have deduced environmentally friendly pigs. These pigs absorb more fotinovo acid, which in turn reduces the amount of phosphorus-containing waste. Excess phosphorus in the normal swine manure accumulates in the soil and into nearby water sources that is the problem.
Dolly the sheep first cloned mammal. She was born on 5 July 1996 in Scotland. In the experiment for obtaining a clone in 277 eggs were transferred nucleus taken from the udder of the animal donor. Dolly lived like a normal sheep, but after 6.5 years had to be put down due to progressive lung disease and severe arthritis.
These colorful carrots are genetically modified that not only differentiates them by color, but also a wealth of nutrients. The roots also differ in taste.
Golden sea horse, the first animal genetically modificabili in Vietnam. The biologists mixed the gold dust with jellyfish proteins, and then injected into the eggs of a sea horse by using a special method. Genetic engineering does not cease to frighten ordinary citizens, but in it lies a great future, perhaps even saving humankind from incurable diseases.